Cryptozoology, BioForteana, and Remarkable Species
Wednesday, February 24, 2010
Thursday, February 04, 2010
Some New Species
Thursday, January 21, 2010
Searching for New Species
Monday, January 18, 2010
New Bird from Borneo
Thursday, January 07, 2010
A Couple of New Species
Friday, December 25, 2009
New Cockroach, Probably
Thursday, December 17, 2009
Tuesday, December 08, 2009
Thursday, December 03, 2009
New King Crabs
New Texas Plant
Sunday, November 29, 2009
The smallest orchid in the world has been discovered in Ecuador, nestled in the roots of a larger plant.
"The plant is just 2.1mm wide, and instantly supercedes the species Platystele jungermannioides as the world's smallest orchid. The petals are so thin that they are just one cell thick and transparent." (News source.)
Wednesday, November 25, 2009
New Chameleon Almost Dinner
Saturday, November 21, 2009
Another Lungless Caecilian
Friday, November 13, 2009
Steve Irwin's Tree Snail
Tuesday, October 20, 2009
Friday, October 02, 2009
Giant NJ Leech Described
Monday, September 28, 2009
Tuesday, September 22, 2009
New species have been discovered in the deep sea around the Canary Islands. (News source.)
A new ghostshark has been described from off southern California / Baja. (Eurekalert.)
Scientists netted a 20-foot giant squid from the Gulf of Mexico. (News source.)
A large forest of a rare black coral was discovered in the waters off Italy. (News source.)
Sunday, September 06, 2009
Mount Bosavi Expedition
Thursday, September 03, 2009
Mozambique: New Species
Monday, August 24, 2009
Some New Discoveries
A few new invertebrates were discovered "during a cave diving expedition to explore the Tunnel de la Atlantida, the world's longest submarine lava tube on Lanzarote in the Canary Islands..." (News source.)
The "green bomber" is a new marine annelid that casts off glowing green appendages to fool predators. (News source.)
Several interesting fossils, including "stone tools, a remarkably preserved primate skull and the claws, jawbone and other bones of several species of Caribbean sloths" were discovered in an underwater cave in the Dominican Republic. (News source.)
A new pitviper (not rattlesnake, as the news account states) was discovered in Cao Bang province, Vietnam. (News source.)
Rat-Eating Pitcher Plant
Sunday, August 02, 2009
New Canadian Fish
Friday, July 31, 2009
Deep Sea Discovery
Thursday, July 30, 2009
Thursday, July 23, 2009
New Horned Lizards
Monday, July 20, 2009
New Monitor Lizard
Sunday, July 19, 2009
Rediscovered Whale to be Announced
A rediscovered "new species" of whale will be announced at the Indian Ocean Cetacean Symposium, currently under way in the Maldives. It was first discovered in 1963 by a Sri Lankan scientist, but "mistakenly categorised as a similar species that had been discovered a decade earlier." (News source.)
Sunday, July 12, 2009
Old Specimens are New Species
Tuesday, July 07, 2009
New North American Salamander
A tiny new salamander has been discovered in the Appalachians. It has been named Urspelerpes brucei. (News source.)
A new genus and species of lungless salamander (family Plethodontidae) from the Appalachian highlands of the south-eastern United States
C. D. Camp, W. E. Peterman, J. R. Milanovich, T. Lamb, J. C. Maerz, D. B. Wake
Journal of Zoology
Published Online: Jun 22 2009 12:04PM
New Florida Scarab Beetle
Polyphylla starkae has been described from the scrubs of Polk County, Florida. One significance of the discovery "is that it shows the contributions that citizen scientists — volunteers who don't have years of education and formal training who collect data in natural areas — can make." (News source.)
Friday, June 26, 2009
New Bat in Comoros
Wednesday, June 17, 2009
Ecuador: Possible New (Small) Species
Friday, June 12, 2009
Tuesday, June 09, 2009
Name a Jellyfish
Thursday, June 04, 2009
New Tree Kangaroo?
Tuesday, June 02, 2009
Wednesday, May 06, 2009
Bunch of Frogs
Thursday, April 23, 2009
Wednesday, April 22, 2009
Different Worms Look the Same
Monday, April 20, 2009
New Horseshoe Bat
Thursday, March 26, 2009
More on Unknown Seals
Tuesday, March 24, 2009
Pinniped Discovery Potential
Monday, March 23, 2009
Name a Shrimp
Saturday, March 14, 2009
New Bird: Solomon Islands
Thursday, March 12, 2009
Tuesday, March 10, 2009
Giraffes: Splitting Species?
Friday, February 27, 2009
New Species Paper
Kevin Stewart passes this along:
Discoveries of new mammal species and their implications for conservation and ecosystem services
Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci.
February 19, 2009, published online (abstract)
From the abstract: "In light of recent discoveries of many new species of poorly-studied organisms, we examine the biodiversity of mammals, a well known “charismatic” group. Many assume that nearly all mammal species are known to scientists. We demonstrate that this assumption is incorrect. Since 1993, 408 new mammalian species have been described, ?10% of the previously known fauna. Some 60% of these are “cryptic” species, but 40% are large and distinctive. ..."
You can download the list of 408 new mammal species here.
And, you can download a 2007 paper (Global Trends and Biases in New Mammal Species Discoveries) here.
Labels: new species
Tuesday, February 24, 2009
Sunday, February 22, 2009
New Amphipod in Ohio
Wednesday, February 18, 2009
Someone caught a big rat (possibly a bamboo rat) in China, six pounds with a 12 inch tail. The image is the standard "hold it close to the camera so it looks bigger" style, but still interesting. (News source.)
A new species of mountain rat was discovered in Mindanao island, Philippines. (News source.)
Monday, February 16, 2009
Journey to Description
It took almost 10 years from the first photograph of an undescribed species of Grammonus in Hawaiian waters before an actual specimen could be placed in a museum collection and described. The fish was photographed and even collected in the interval, but one circumstance or another prevented its examination by experts. The paper:
Grammonus nagaredai, a New Viviparous Marine Fish (Ophidiiformes: Bythitidae) from the Hawaiian Islands
John E. Randall and Marc James Hughes
Pacific Science 63(1): 137-146 (2009)
Sunday, February 15, 2009
Discovery of Sympatric Dwarf Lemur Species in the High-Altitude Rain Forest of Tsinjoarivo, Eastern Madagascar: Implications for Biogeography and Conservation
M. B. Blanco, et al.
Folia Primatologica, vol. 80(1): 1-17, 2009
The number of species within the Malagasy lemur genus Cheirogaleus is currently under debate. Museum collections are spotty, and field work, supplemented by morphometric and genetic analysis, is essential for documenting geographic distributions, ecological characteristics and species boundaries. We report here field evidence for 2 dwarf lemur species at Tsinjoarivo, an eastern-central high-altitude rain forest: one, from a forest fragment, displaying coat and dental characteristics similar to C. sibreei (previously described only from museum specimens) and the other, from the continuous forest, resembling individuals of Cheirogaleus found today at Ranomafana National Park, further to the south. This study represents the first confirmation of a living population of grey-fawn, C.-sibreei-like, dwarf lemurs in Madagascar.
Tuesday, February 10, 2009
Hot Spots, New Species, Etc.
Some research here on locating hot spots of species diversity for conservation focus.
408 new mammal species have been discovered since 1993, according to a new paper. The authors then go on with dire warnings for humanity.
And, new birds are waiting to be discovered in the eastern Himalayas.
Thursday, January 29, 2009
A new bird has been discovered in China. (News source.)
"A new fist-sized, babbler bird species has been discovered in a series of underground caves in China" ...
"Ornithologists Zhou Fang and Jiang Aiwu first saw the bird, dark with white spots on its breast, in 2005 and has since then established its identity as an unknown species. They labeled it the Nonggang babbler, scientific name Stachyris nonggangensis, named for the region of China where the bird was found."
Thursday, January 22, 2009
A new climbing catfish has been described from Venezuela. The species "has a specialized pelvic fin that decouples from its body and moves backward and forward independently." This is "used in combination with a grasping mouth to move like an inchworm up rocks." (News source.)
Monday, January 19, 2009
New Marine Species from Australia
Sunday, January 18, 2009
Papers: Civets and Lemurs
Via Kevin Stewart, a couple of new papers to mention:
Lemur Diversity in Madagascar
Mittermeier, et al.
International Journal of Primatology (2008) 29: 1607-1656
This is a review of the taxonomic status of lemurs, recognizing 99 species and subspecies. It also notes several controversial areas, and points to potential new species (as yet undescribed).
The taxonomy of the endemic golden palm civet of Sri Lanka
Colin P. Groves, et al.
Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society (2009) 155: 238-251
This is the citation for the golden palm civet paper noted in a previous blog posting. Paradoxurus stenocephalus, a new species, is described, and a possible new species is identified but not yet described.
Saturday, January 17, 2009
Monday, January 05, 2009
New Galapagos Iguana (More to Come?)
The media is jumping on the designation of the "rosada," a pink-tinted Galapagos land iguana, as a new species. See details at Discover News, and New Scientist.
Interesting, though, is a paper from this past November, noting that five populations of land iguanas in the Galapagos "represent distinct conservation units (one of them being the recently discovered rosada form) and could warrant species status." So, perhaps a couple more species to come?
Sunday, January 04, 2009
Tanzanian Herp Hotspot
Sunday, December 28, 2008
2008 Abstracts: The Munzala
A Voucher Specimen for Macaca munzala: Interspecific Affinities, Evolution, and Conservation of a Newly Discovered Primate
Charudutt Mishra and Anindya Sinha
International Journal of Primatology
Vol. 29, no. 3 (June 2008): 743-756
Abstract: Sinha, A., Datta, A., Madhusudan, M. D., & Mishra, C. (2005. Macaca munzala: A new species from western Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India. International Journal of Primatology, 26, 977–989) discovered Arunachal macaques (Macaca munzala), a species new to science, in the eastern Himalaya of Arunachal Pradesh in northeastern India. They depicted the holotype and paratypes of the species in photographs, and a specimen of the species had been unavailable for preservation and examination. In March 2005, we obtained an entire specimen of an adult male Macaca munzala, which we propose as a voucher specimen for the species. We provide detailed morphological and anatomical measurements of the specimen and examine its affinities with other macaques. Macaca munzala appears to be unique among macaques in craniodental size and structure, baculum, and aspects of caudal structure, while exhibiting affinities with the other members of the sinica-group to which it belongs. We summarize our insights on the origins and phylogeny of Macaca munzala. Finally, we review the current conservation status of the macaques, which are threatened by extensive hunting in the only 2 districts of Arunachal Pradesh where they are documented to occur.
In search of the munzala: distribution and conservation status of the newly-discovered Arunachal macaque Macaca munzala
R. Suresh Kumar, Nabam Gama, R. Raghunath, Anindya Sinha and Charudutt Mishra
Vol. 42 (2008): pp. 360-366
Abstract: The recently-described Arunachal macaque Macaca munzala is so far known only from western Arunachal Pradesh, north-east India. Here we present the first conservation status assessment for the species. Our surveys enumerated a total of 569 individuals in the Tawang and West Kameng districts of the State. The species seems to be tolerant of anthropogenic habitat change but is vulnerable to hunting. A low infant to adult female ratio suggests that not all adult females reproduce at any given time, and females do not give birth every year. The macaques are persecuted largely in response to crop damage, with the practice of keeping them as pets providing an added incentive to hunting. The species is, however, able to attain remarkably high densities in the absence of hunting. Crop damage by the macaque is widespread; patterns of crop damage are similar across altitudinal zones and do not seem to be correlated with macaque density. The species will need to be protected in human-modified landscapes, and the issues of crop damage and retaliatory persecution need to be addressed urgently.
2008 Abstract: Long-tailed Rattlesnake
A New Long-Tailed Rattlesnake (Viperidae) From Guerrero, Mexico
Jonathan A. Campbell and Oscar Flores-Villela
Vol. 64, no. 2 (June 2008): pp. 246-257
Abstract: A distinctive new species of rattlesnake is described from the western versant of the Sierra Madre del Sur of Guerrero, Mexico. This long-tailed rattlesnake cannot be confused with any other species of rattlesnake and is most similar to Crotalus stejnegeri and C. lannomi. The Guerrero species possesses a strikingly distinct color pattern and differs from all other rattlesnakes in aspects of lepidosis. Mexico continues to be the origin of newly discovered species that provide important insights into the evolution or ecology of particular groups. A few examples from recent decades include Exiliboa placata, a monotypic, relictual dwarf boa (Bogert, 1968), Rhadinophanes monticola, a monotypic, highland colubrid (Myers and Campbell, 1981), and Pseudoeurycea aquatica, the only aquatic bolitoglossine salamander (Wake and Campbell, 2001).
2008 Abstract: Neofelis
Species distinction and evolutionary differences in the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) and Diard's clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi)
Journal of Mammalogy
Vol. 89, no. 6 (Dec. 2008): pp. 1435-1446
Abstract: Based on examination of molecular data and pelage patterns, it has recently been suggested that the island populations of the clouded leopard, traditionally considered a subspecies, may, in fact constitute a separate species. In this paper, I demonstrate that the island populations deviate strongly from the mainland populations in a large number of cranial, mandibular, and dental characters. The differences far exceed those that have been documented for subspecies within other pantherine felids, and are congruent with a separate species, to which the name Sundaland clouded leopard, Neofelis diardi, has been given, although the name Diard's cat has priority based on historical precedence. I suggest that the vernacular name Diard's clouded leopard be adopted for Neofelis diardi. In contrast, mainland populations diverge less from each other, and are congruent with 1 species (Neofelis nebulosa) and 2 subspecies, the western (N. n. macrosceloides) and eastern (N. n. nebulosa) clouded leopard. Neofelis deviates from other large felids in many aspects of craniodental morphology, and most likely also in several behavioral aspects. Diard's clouded leopard appears more derived with respects to saber-toothed craniodental features than the clouded leopard, indicating that the former may have gone farther than the latter in convergently evolving craniomandibular features traditionally considered characteristic of primitive saber-toothed felids.
[Thanks to Kevin Stewart for the heads up...]
Monday, December 22, 2008
Googling for Species
Sunday, December 21, 2008
Giant Irukandji Described
Friday, December 19, 2008
Frog: Blue Bones, Green Blood
A new Cambodian bush frog has been discovered, this one having green blood and turquoise bones. Biliverdin (metabolic waste usually processed in the liver) is passed into the bloodstream, which may help with camouflage (the skin being translucent) and also might make the frog unpalatable to predators. (News source.)
Wednesday, December 17, 2008
Monday, December 15, 2008
Friday, December 12, 2008
The African dwarf crocodile has been split into three species, after genetic investigation. These are now Osteolaemus tetraspis, from Central Africa's Ogooué Basin, Osteolaemus osborni, from the Congo Basin, and an as-yet unnamed species from West Africa. Details here.
Monday, December 08, 2008
Name a Species Auctions
Thursday, November 20, 2008
New Dolphin Identified
Tuesday, November 11, 2008
New Flying Lemurs
Genetic and morphological characters show that the colugos in Indonesia represent several new species. (Eurekalert.)
"Scientists had recognized just two species of these enigmatic mammals, the Sunda colugo and the Philippine colugo. However, the new findings show that the Sunda colugo, found only in Indochina and Sundaland, including the large islands of Borneo, Sumatra, and Java, actually represents at least three separate species."
Labels: new species
Thursday, November 06, 2008
Two New Small Mammals
A new bat (Mormopterus francoismoutoui) and elephant shrew (Elephantulus pilicaudus) have been described in Journal of Mammalogy. Via Kevin Stewart, the abstracts are as follows:
Referred to Mormopterus Acetabulosus (Chiroptera: Molossidae),
with Description of a New Species
S. M. Goodman, B. Jansen Van Vuuren, F. Ratrimomanarivo, J.-M. Probst, and R. C. K. Bowie
Journal of Mammalogy, 89(5):1316–1327, 2008
On the basis of molecular and morphological evidence, Mormopterus acetabulosus, hitherto considered an endemic to the Mascarene Islands (Mauritius and La Réunion), is shown to comprise 2 closely related taxa. The holotype of M. acetabulosus is from Mauritius and the new taxon described herein is from La Réunion. M. acetabulosus from Mauritius is notably larger than members of this genus from La Réunion, and several soft-part and cranial characters distinguish these 2 taxa. This conclusion is supported by examination of mitochondrial DNA control region data for 141 bats, which shows these 2 groups to be reciprocally monophyletic, separated by an average of 5.01% uncorrected sequence divergence. Two nuclear intron regions (7th intron of the beta fibrinogen gene and thyrotropin) also were included, but showed limited genetic variation and no fixed differences between the 2 taxa. These 2 species of Mormopterus are common on Mauritius and La Réunion, often living in caves or synanthropically, and are not considered a conservation concern.
Elephantulus) from South Africa
H. A. Smit, T. J. Robinson, J. Watson, and B. Jansen Van Vuuren
Journal of Mammalogy, 89(5):1257–1269, 2008
Elephant-shrews (also called sengis, order Macroscelidea) are small-bodied insectivorous mammals with a strictly African distribution. Fifteen species currently are recognized, of which 9 occur in the southern African subregion. On the basis of molecular, cytogenetic, and morphological evidence, Elephantulus edwardii, the only strictly South African endemic species, is shown to comprise 2 closely related taxa. The new Elephantulus taxon described herein is from the central Nama-Karoo region of Western Cape and Northern Cape Provinces. Important genetic distinctions underpin its delimitation. Sequence data from the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene and the hypervariable control region as well as 7th intron of the nuclear fibrinogen gene show these 2 taxa to be reciprocally monophyletic. They are separated by 13.8% sequence divergence (uncorrected) based on the 2 mitochondrial segments, and 4.2% based on the nuclear intron sequences. In addition, fixed cytogenetic differences include a centromeric shift, heterochromatic differences on autosomal pairs 1–6, and the number of nucleolar organizer regions. The new species has several subtle morphological and phenotypic characters that distinguish it from its sibling species E. edwardii, the most striking of which is the presence of a tail-tuft, as well as the color of the flanks and the ventral pelage. The abundance, detailed distribution of the new form, and its life-history characteristics are not known, and further studies clearly are needed to determine its conservation status.
Friday, October 24, 2008
7 New Glassfrogs
Wednesday, October 22, 2008
New Legless Lizard
Friday, October 17, 2008
Longest Insect Discovered
A stick insect, collected in Borneo and held in private hands until recently given to the Natural History Museum in London, has been described and determined to be the longest species yet. It is more than half a meter in length. It's eggs are also of interest, as they are "winged", probably to facilitate dispersion from heights (like maple seeds). (News source.)
Friday, October 03, 2008
Thursday, September 25, 2008
Blog Monkey Project
Thursday, September 18, 2008
100 New Elasmobranchs
Tuesday, September 16, 2008
New Iguana Species
Thursday, August 28, 2008
New Giant Clam
Thursday, August 21, 2008
New Giant Grouper
NG on Bolivian River Dolphin
Wednesday, August 20, 2008
Ebaying for Species Discoveries
Saturday, August 16, 2008
Marc von Roosmalen Names New Species
Friday, August 15, 2008
BBC Series Shows Fish Discovery
The BBC series Pacific Abyss shows the discovery of several new species of damselfish. (News source.)
"The most spectacular recovery was of the bright blue damselfish found 120m down off Palau. This was described recently in the scientific literature by team-member Dr Richard Pyle, from the Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii.
"The fish has been named Chromis abyssus in honour of the TV series.
"The story is a more complicated one, however, because Dr Pyle first saw this fish more than a decade ago. Other researchers, too, had sightings, including one from a small submersible and another from a Remotely Oerated Vehicle (ROV).
"It was during the BBC filming, though, that nine specimens were finally captured, allowing for an official scientific submission this year."
Gabon: New Bird
Tuesday, August 12, 2008
Submarine to the Abyss
Saturday, August 09, 2008
Nationalism Arises over Snake Description
Sunday, August 03, 2008
Smallest Snake Discovered
Thursday, July 31, 2008
New Species of Fungus-Eating Ants
Tuesday, July 29, 2008
New Fish Sighted in Hawaii?
From the news:
"A team of Hawaii scientists may have discovered a new species of fish in the Northwest Hawaiian islands. They're a NOAA team that returned this week from an expedition to study the beautiful fish and marine life there." ...
"Dr. Jeff Drazen detailed, 'One of the animals we observed on this expedition was a fish called an eel pout. We don't know the species for certain, but it belongs to a family of fishes that have never been documented in the Hawaiian Islands.'" ...
"These were at a depth of 10,000 feet. ... 'They were attracted to the bait and they seemed to eat some of the other animals that were also attracted,' said Drazen."
"The research team plans to head back out to the Northwest Hawaiian Islands next year to catch some specimens-of eel pout and possibly other fish!"
Friday, July 25, 2008
Monday, July 14, 2008
Another Mouse Lemur
A new species of mouse lemur has been described from Madagascar. (News source.)
"The small nocturnal mouse lemur species has been named Microcebus macarthurii, MacArthur`s mouse lemur. The animals live in eastern Madagascar in the dense, evergreen mountainous rainforests of the Makira region. They were discovered by the Malagasy scientists when inventorying the lemur fauna of the area. Since the project is being supported by the MacArthur Foundation from the USA the new species has been named after the Foundation."